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Targeted control audit of temporary resident permits: Introduction

Canada Border Services Agency

1. A Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) may be issued in exceptional circumstances to a foreign national (FN):

2. TRPs can be issued for up to three years. They may be issued for a single entry or for multiple entries, depending on the circumstances.

3. Once a TRP expires, the foreign national must leave CanadaFootnote 3.

4. The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) both have a shared responsibility for issuing TRPs. Officers from the CBSA and IRCC can issue TRPs based on their designated authority as outlined in the Instrument of Designation and Delegation and based on the severity of the inadmissibility.

5. TRPs are issued at the discretion of a designated officer and can also be cancelled.

6. The Travellers Branch (TB) is the functional lead for processing people at the border, including traveller facilitation and compliance, and the issuance of TRPs. Regions are primarily responsible for issuing TRPs at ports of entry (POE).

7. The Intelligence and Enforcement Branch (IEB) is responsible for activities related to investigation, screening, targeting and enforcement to protect Canada's economy, national security and public safety. It provides functional guidance on immigration enforcement activities. The regions are responsible for carrying out enforcement activities based on IEB defined guidance and policies.

8. IRCC is overall responsible for the TRP program and for issuing certain types of TRP.

9. The Global Case management System (GCMS) is IRCC's single, integrated and worldwide system used internally to process applications for citizenship, passport, and immigration services. CBSA officers also use it to document immigration activities, including issuing TRPs.

10. The following reflects the stepsFootnote 4 for issuing TRPs by the CBSA and the controls currently in place and when they occur.

Figure 1: Simplified TRP process and current controls

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  1. A foreign national (FN) arrives at the port of entry (POE) seeking entry to Canada
  2. The Officer becomes aware of the FN's inadmissibility to Canada and gathers more information
  3. The Officer may seek advice and consult with another officer
  4. The Officer determines the FN's eligibility and makes a decision to issue a TRP
  5. High-profile cases should be referred to senior officers (superintendents or above) for approval
  6. The Officer documents the relevant information in GCMS, approves and issues the TRP
  7. Officers should inform IEB when a high profile / complex TRP has been issued

Controls applied at steps 1 to 7

  • IRPA and its Regulations, OITP and Minister's Delegates Review Training
  • Operational instructions and guidelines e.g., ENF 4, operational bulletins, national and regional guidance on wiki pages, etc.

Control applied at steps 5 and 6

  • Instrument of Designation and Delegation and some regions may perform quality control after TRPs are issued.
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