Annual Detention Statistics - 2012-2018

Annual
2012-2018
Quarterly
2017-2018
Quarterly
2018-2019

Overview

National

General (table 1.1)
Fiscal Year Entries by foreign nationals to Canada Persons detained (total) * Persons in detention
(daily average)
Detainees as a % of entries by foreign nationals to Canada Detention days Average length of detention (days) Median length of detention (days) Detentions in IHCs * Detentions in non-IHCs *
Detentions in provincial facilities Detentions in other facilities
2012-2013  27,412,327 8,742 539 0.031% 194,249 22.2 3 6,128
(61%)
3,070
(31%)
781
(8%)
2013-2014 28,371,259 7,720 538 0.027% 194,017 25.1 3 5,369
(61%)
2,738
(31%)
725
(8%)
2014-2015 29,938,646 6,786 497 0.022% 178,498 26.3 4 4,486
(57%)
2,510
(32%)
828
(11%)
2015-2016 31,940,610 6,602 451 0.020% 164,449 24.9 3 4,385
(57%)
2,361
(31%)
955
(12%)
2016-2017 33,873,180 6,268 364 0.018% 130,538 20.8 3 4,248
(59%)
2,041
(28%)
971
(13%)
2017-2018 35,668,185 8,355 333 0.023% 119,712 14.3 2 6,609
(71%)
1,831
(20%)
831
(9%)
Source: CIC DWS - Business Reporting - IHDA Datamart

* The number of persons detained will not be equal to the sum of detentions in Immigration Holding Centres (IHCs), provincial facilities and other facilities due to transfers between facilities. A person may initially be detained and admitted to an IHC and subsequently transferred to another facility (usually a provincial facility or vice versa) and therefore would be counted twice.

Notes:

Persons detained by length of detention (table 1.2)
Fiscal Year 24 hours or less 25-48 hours 3-9 days 10-39 days 40-99 days Over 99 days
2012-2013 2,631
(28%)
1,159
(12.3%)
2,081
(22.1%)
2,138
(22.8%)
767
(8.2%)
620
(6.6%)
2013-2014 2,425
(29.5%)
918
(11.2%)
1,711
(20.8%)
1,759
(21.4%)
769
(9.4%)
631
(7.7%)
2014-2015 1,994
(27.8%)
685
(9.6%)
1,632
(22.8%)
1,543
(21.5%)
688
(9.6%)
629
(8.8%)
2015-2016 1,825
(26.2%)
844
(12.1%)
1,587
(22.8%)
1,498
(21.5%)
674
(9.7%)
547
(7.8%)
2016-2017 2,042
(30.9%)
891
(13.5%)
1,376
(20.8%)
1,278
(19.3%)
594
(9%)
427
(6.5%)
2017-2018 4,085
(47.2%)
1,138
(13.1%)
1,239
(14.3%)
1,233
(14.2%)
637
(7.4%)
326
(3.8%)
Source: CIC DWS - Business Reporting - IHDA Datamart
Persons detained by province (table 1.3)
Province 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Alberta 259 292 270 234 160 170
British Columbia 1,663 1,399 1,282 1,482 1,801 2,215
Manitoba 133 127 165 62 70 104
New Brunswick 14 11 11 19 18 10
Newfoundland and Labrador 10 4 5 2 1 10
Nova Scotia 11 14 10 9 14 12
Ontario 5,380 4,578 3,881 3,533 3,159 4,040
Prince Edward Island 0 0 2 2 1 4
Quebec 1,270 1,287 1,161 1,246 1,034 1,803
Saskatchewan 50 41 35 38 30 14
Yukon 7 5 3 4 3 2
Source: CIC DWS - Business Reporting - IHDA Datamart
Note: The sum of the provincial data is greater than the total number of detainees due to transfers between provinces.
Persons detained by grounds for detention (table 1.4)
Grounds for detention 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Examination 240 287 214 276 194 777
Suspected inadmissibility on grounds of serious criminality/ criminality/organized criminality 61 238 187 167 139 122
Suspected Inadmissibility on grounds of security 10 6 5 5 2 1
Suspected inadmissibility on grounds of  human/international rights violation 4 0 2 1 0 2
Identity 488 354 302 334 290 392
Danger to the public 45 31 36 47 47 67
Will not appear/danger to the public 831 831 512 394 318 368
Will not appear 7,287 6,187 5,668 5,514 5,402 6,737
Security certificate 1 0 0 0 0 0
Designated foreign national 0 0 0 0 0 0

Source: CIC DWS - Business Reporting - IHDA Datamart

Analysis

Minors

Context

Best interests of the child: an international principle to ensure children enjoy the full and effective benefit of all their rights recognized in Canadian law and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is also a rule of procedure that includes an assessment of the possible impact (positive or negative) of a decision on the child or children concerned.

Grounds for detention: These are outlined in Section 55 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

Exam: Detained on entry to Canada when necessary to do so in order for examination by an officer to be completed. All persons who seek to enter or transit through Canada are subject to examination by a border services officer. An examination can be as simple as a few questions, but can also include an examination of the person’s personal belongings, more intensive questioning, or personal searches.

Identity: Detained as they are unable to satisfy the officer as to their identity.

Unlikely to appear: Detained as the person is deemed to be unlikely to appear for examination, an admissibility hearing, removal from Canada or at a proceeding that could lead to the making of a removal order by the Minister under IRPA subsection 44(2).

Suspected of serious criminality, criminality or organized crime: Detained on entry to Canada when an officer has reasonable grounds to suspect that the permanent resident or foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of serious criminality, criminality or organized crime.

Minor: a person under the age of 18.

Accompanied minor: A foreign national or permanent resident who arrives to Canada accompanied by a responsible adult (parent, guardian).

Detained minor: A foreign national or permanent resident who is deemed to be inadmissible in his/her own right and is subject to an Order for Detention under A55 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA).

Housed minor: A foreign national, permanent resident or Canadian citizen who, after the completion of a best interest of the child assessment, is kept with their detained parent/legal guardian at an IHC at the latter’s request. A housed minor is not subject to an Order for Detention and is free to remain and re-enter the CBSA IHC subject to the parent/legal guardian’s consent.

Unaccompanied minor: A foreign national or permanent resident who arrives to Canada unaccompanied by a responsible adult (parent, guardian) and is not effectively taken into the care of such a person.

Overview

National

Housed/Detained minors overview (table 2.1)
Fiscal Year Minors accompanied by parent/guardian Unaccompanied minors Average length of time in a facility (days) Total # minors in a facility
2014-2015 220 12 16 232
2015-2016 181 20 14.1 201
2016-2017 151 11 13.1 162
2017-2018 144 7 14.9 151
  • For more information on the detention of minors see section 5.10 of the Detention Manual
  • The total number of minors in a facility accounts for all minors (foreign national, permanent residents and Canadian citizens).
  • A Canadian citizen cannot be detained but in rare and exceptional circumstances may be housed with a parent/guardian in a facility if it is in the best interests of the child.

Note: The data in the following tables is only available for 2017-2018 and will be tracked and reported in each new fiscal year.

Housed/Detained minors by status, gender and age (table 2.2.1)
Fiscal Year Status Gender Age
Foreign National Canadian Male Female 0-5 years 6-11 years 12-17 years
2017-2018 138 13 77 74 83 34 34
Housed/detained minors by length of housing/detention and facility type (table 2.2.2)
Fiscal Year Length of housing/detention Facility type Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Under 48 hours 3-9 days 10-39 days 40-90 days 90-180 days 181+ days IHC Youth Centre
2017-2018 69 33 37 6 6 0 145 6 14.9 5
Housed minors accompanying a parent/guardian by detention ground of parent/guardian (2.2.3)
Fiscal Year Detention grounds of parent/guardian Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Suspected of serious criminality, criminality, organized crime Unlikely to appear Identity
2017-2018 3 2 52 16 73 8.6 1
Detained unaccompanied minors by detention ground of minor (table 2.2.4)
Fiscal Year Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
2017-2018 2 3 2 7 3.3 2
1 detention in Pacific region; 1 in Greater Toronto Area and 5 in Quebec region
Detained accompanied minors by detention ground of minor (table 2.2.5)
Fiscal Year Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
2017-2018 10 37 24 71 22.6 8

Regional

Quebec

Housed minors accompanying a parent/guardian by detention ground of parent/guardian (table 2.3.1)
Fiscal Year Detention grounds of parent/guardian Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Suspected of serious criminality, criminality, organized crime Unlikely to appear Identity
2017-2018 3 2 18 8 31 13.4 8
Detained accompanied minors by detention ground of minor (table 2.3.2)
Fiscal Year Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
2017-2018 10 32 24 66 23.6 8

Greater Toronto Area

Housed minors accompanying a parent/guardian by detention ground of parent/guardian (table 2.4.1)
Fiscal Year Detention grounds of parent/guardian Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
2017-2018 0 3 0 3 27.7 36
Detained accompanied minors by detention ground of minor (table 2.4.2)
Fiscal Year Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
2017-2018 0 5 0 5 10.2 1

Pacific

Housed minors accompanying a parent/guardian by detention ground of parent/guardian (table 2.5.1)
Fiscal Year Detention grounds of parent/guardian Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
2017-2018 0 31 8 39 3.3 1
Detained accompanied minors by detention ground of minor (table 2.5.2)
Fiscal Year Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
2017-2018 0 0 0 0 0 0

Analysis

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