Arrests, detentions and removals
Quarterly Detention Statistics – 2018-2019

Annual
2012-2018
Quarterly
2017-2018
Quarterly
2018-2019

Overview

National

General (table 1.1)

Quarter Entries by foreign nationals to Canada Persons detained (total)* Persons in detention (daily average) Detainees as a % of entries by foreign nationals to Canada Detention days Average length of detention (days) Median length of detention (days) Detentions in Immigration Holding Centres (IHCs)* Detentions in non-IHC
Detentions in provincial facilities* Detentions in other facilities*
Q1 9,402,636 2,722 378 0.03% 33,587 12.3 1 2,156
(67%)
579
(18%)
476
(15%)
Q2 12,943,868 2,406 347 0.02% 31,137 12.9 2 1,874
(66%)
552
(20%)
404
(14%)
Q3 7,475,020 2,338 324 0.03% 28,926 12.4 1 1,806
(64%)
573
(20%)
448
(16%)
Source: CIC DWS - Business Reporting CBSA - DHAA Datamart

Analysis Q3

* In the National table (table 1.1), the number of “persons detained (total)” in each quarter is the actual number of persons detained.  However, the number of “persons detained (total)” in each quarter cannot be summed up to equal a total number of persons detained over several quarters since persons would be counted multiple times due to some carry-over from one quarter to the next.  For example, a person detained and counted in one quarter may remain in detention in the next quarter and therefore would be counted twice. Additionally, the number of “persons detained (total)” for each quarter will not be equal to the sum of “Detentions in IHCs”, “Detentions in provincial facilities” and “Detentions in other facilities” since over the quarter a person may be detained in one type of facility and then transferred to another type.  For example, a person may initially be detained in an IHC and transferred to a provincial facility and therefore would be counted twice.

Notes:

Persons detained by length of detention (table 1.2)

Quarter 24 hours or less 25-48 hours 3-9 days 10-39 days 40-99 days Over 99 days
Q1 1,322 294 359 440 234 134
Q2 969 328 387 427 222 127
Q3 967 286 407 442 187 122
Source: CIC DWS - Business Reporting CBSA - DHAA Datamart

Persons detained by province (table 1.3)

Province Q1 Q2 Q3
Alberta 55 63 68
British Columbia 536 489 490
Manitoba 28 14 14
New Brunswick 5 3 5
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 2 2
Northwest Territories 1 4 0
Nova Scotia 0 4 3
Ontario 1,473 1,210 1,235
Quebec 627 615 527
Saskatchewan 1 8 1
Yukon 0 1 2
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0

Source: CIC DWS - Business Reporting CBSA - DHAA Datamart
Note: The sum of the provincial data is greater than the total number of detainees due to transfers between provinces.

Persons detained by grounds for detention (table 1.4)

Grounds for detention Q1 Q2 Q3
Examination 108 170 111
Suspected inadmissibility on grounds of serious criminality/ criminality/organized criminality 22 18 12
Suspected Inadmissibility on grounds of security 0 0 4
Suspected inadmissibility on grounds of human/international rights violation 0 0 2
Identity 148 147 141
Danger to the public 23 28 30
Unlikely to appear/danger to the public 183 156 160
Unlikely to appear 2,270 1,911 1,917
Security certificate 0 0 0
Designated foreign national 0 0 0
Source: CIC DWS - Business Reporting CBSA - DHAA Datamart

 

Note: Grounds for detention: These are outlined in Section 55 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

 

Minors

Context
 
Best interests of the child:
An international principle to ensure children enjoy the full and effective benefit of all their rights recognized in Canadian law and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is also a rule of procedure that includes an assessment of the possible impact (positive or negative) of a decision on the child or children concerned.
Minor:
A person under the age of 18
Accompanied minor:
A foreign national or permanent resident who arrives to Canada accompanied by a responsible adult (parent, guardian).
Detained minor:
A foreign national or permanent resident who is deemed to be inadmissible in his/her own right and is subject to an Order for Detention under A55 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA).
Housed minor:
A foreign national, permanent resident or Canadian citizen who, after the completion of a best interests of the child assessment, is kept with their detained parent/legal guardian at a IHC at the latter's request. A housed minor is not subject to an Order for Detention and is free to remain and re-enter the CBSA IHC subject to the parent/legal guardian's consent.
Unaccompanied minor:
A foreign national or permanent resident who arrives to Canada unaccompanied by a responsible adult (parent, guardian) and is not effectively taken into the care of such a person.

Overview

National

Housed/Detained minors overview (table 2.1)

Quarter Minors accompanied by parent/guardian Unaccompanied minors Average length of time in a facility (days) Total # minors in a facility
Q1 39 1 13.1 40
Q2 34 2 23.2 36
Q3 37 0 28.2 37

Housed/Detained minors by status, gender and age (table 2.2.1)

Quarter Status Gender Age
Foreign National Canadian Male Female 0-5 years 6-11 years 12-17 years
Q1 37 3 19 21 17 15 8
Q2 35 1 15 21 14 8 14
Q3 36 1 17 20 20 11 6

Housed/detained minors by length of housing/detention and facility type (table 2.2.2)

Quarter Length of housing/detention Facility type Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
48 hours or less 3-9 days 10-39 days 40-90 days 91-180 days 181+ days IHC Youth Centre Other
Q1 13 9 16 2 0 0 40 0 0 13.1 8
Q2 8 12 10 6 0 0 35 0 1 23.2 8
Q3 4 11 12 4 4 0 37 0 0 28.2 18

Housed minors accompanying a parent/guardian by detention ground of parent/guardian (table 2.2.3)

Quarter Detention grounds of parent/guardian Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Suspected of serious criminality, criminality, organized crime Unlikely to appear Identity
Q1 1 1 14 23 39 13.4 8
Q2 0 0 2 21 23 34.1 26
Q3 0 0 7 29 36 28.8 18

Detained unaccompanied minors by detention ground of minor (table 2.2.4)

Quarter Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
Q1 0 1 0 1 2 2
Q2 0 1 1 2 3 3
Q3 0 0 0 0 0 0

Detained accompanied minors by detention ground of minor (table 2.2.5)

Quarter Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
Q1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q2 0 7 4 11 4.2 3
Q3 0 1 0 1 9 9

Regional

Quebec

Housed minors accompanying a parent/guardian by detention ground of parent/guardian (table 2.3.1)

Quarter Detention grounds of parent/guardian Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Suspected of serious criminality, criminality, organized crime
Unlikely to appear Identity
Q1 1 1 12 21 35 15.2 10
Q2 0 0 2 21 23 34.1 26
Q3 0 0 7 29 36 28.8 18

Detained accompanied minors by detention ground of minor (table 2.3.2)

Quarter Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
Q1 0 1 0 1 2 2
Q2 0 3 4 7 5.4 3
Q3 0 1 0 1 9 9

Greater Toronto Area

Housed minors accompanying a parent/guardian by detention ground of parent/guardian (table 2.4.1)

Quarter Detention grounds of parent/guardian Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
Q1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q3 0 0 0 0 0 0

Detained accompanied minors by detention ground of minor (table 2.4.2)

Quarter Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
Q1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q2 0 3 0 3 2.3 2
Q3 0 0 0 0 0 0

Pacific

Housed minors accompanying a parent/guardian by detention ground of parent/guardian (table 2.5.1)

Quarter Detention grounds of parent/guardian Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
Q1 0 2 2 4 1 1
Q2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q3 0 0 0 0 0 0

Detained accompanied minors by detention ground of minor (table 2.5.2)

Quarter Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
Q1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q3 0 0 0 0 0 0

Southern Ontario

Housed minors accompanying a parent/guardian by detention ground of parent/guardian (table 2.5.3)

Quarter Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
Q1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q3 0 0 0 0 0 0

Detained accompanied minors by detention ground of minor (table 2.5.4)

Quarter Detention grounds of minor Total Average length of time in a facility (days) Median length of time in a facility (days)
Exam Unlikely to appear Identity
Q1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Q2 0 1 0 1 1 1
Q3 0 0 0 0 0 0

Analysis - Minors Q3

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